Minor 7th Similar to the 7th chord, a slight dissonance could be heard in minor 7th chords because one of the notes, the seventh, is not included in the same key as the root note. The chord symbol iii could be followed by the letter a to indicate that it is C# minor 7th chord in root position (ie not inverted) - A major scale chord iiia. To identify the 7th chord note names, use the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th columns / scale degrees, which are notes D, F#, A, and C#. More details of this interval are at C#-min-3rd. More details of this interval are at F#-min-7th. More details of this interval are at G#-min-3rd. Repeating this for the 5th note / scale degree, the distance between G# and D is 6 half-tones, and the note interval name is diminished (d5). X means that the string shouldn't be played at all and the numbers indicate frets (0 means that the string should be played open). Cmaj7 consists of four notes: C, E, G and B. The table below shows the A major scale, ordered to show the 2nd note as the first column in the table. A total of four notes. In place of the a-d symbols above, figured bass symbols could be used to indicate chord positions after viiø: So in this key, viiø7 refers to the G# half-diminished 7th chord in root position. The roman numeral for number 5 is 'V', and is used to indicate this is the 5th chord in the scale. The half-diminished symbol 'ø' is placed after the roman numerals to indicate this is a half-diminished 7th chord. To look closer at this certain chord type we can take Cmaj7 as an example. This tonic 7th chords root / starting note is the 1st note (or scale degree) of the A major scale. For the 3rd interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between B and D is 3 half-tones. This subdominant 7th chords root / starting note is the 4th note (or scale degree) of the A major scale. The note interval name for the 3rd note / scale degree is therefore major, also called M3 for short. The A major chord ii7 is the B min 7 chord, and contains the notes B, D, F#, and A. Repeating this for the 5th note / scale degree, the distance between B and F# is 7 half-tones, and the note interval name is perfect (P5). Again the 7th note / scale degree, the distance between B and A is 10 half-tones, and the note interval name is minor (m7). Repeating this for the 5th note / scale degree, the distance between A and E is 7 half-tones, and the note interval name is perfect (P5). Finally, letter d could be used to indicate that it is G# half-diminished 7th chord in 3rd inversion - A major scale chord viiød. A dominant 7th chord occurs naturally as the 5 chord in a Major key of music. The note interval name for the 3rd note / scale degree is therefore major, also called M3 for short. Again, it is created by taking a major triad, but this time adding a note a major seventh (11 semitones) above the root. The A major chord I7 is the A maj 7 chord, and contains the notes A, C#, E, and G#. Now, you could just memorize the Major Diatonic Series of 7th Chords chart I showed you, but if you are anything like me, you want some proof. The major refers to the 7th as such and not to the basic chord, which is 11 half steps up from the root. Notes in the chord: A - C# - E - G#. To identify the 7th chord note names, use the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th columns / scale degrees, which are notes E, G#, B, and D. For the 3rd interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between E and G# is 4 half-tones. of 3 (last column). More details of this interval are at E-min-7th. The note interval name for the 3rd note / scale degree is therefore major, also called M3 for short. The table below shows the A major scale, ordered to show the 5th note as the first column in the table. Just like a minor chord, the half-diminished 7th chord is constructed using a minor third interval, so the roman numeral is shown in lower case. The 7th chord will be built using only the notes of the scale we are interested in. For 7th chord inversions, ii65 refers to the B minor 7th chord in 1st inversion, ii43 refers to the B minor 7th chord in 2nd inversion, and ii2 refers to the B minor 7th chord in 3rd inversion. This include the root (1), the third (3), the perfect fifth (5) and the major seventh (7). Here are 6 voicings of the Amaj7 guitar chord, with a chord chart to each voicings' fingering. For the 3rd interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between G# and B is 3 half-tones. The major 7th chord (abbreviated maj7 in chord names) is a four-note chord, but due to the characteristics of the guitar the chords can involve four to six notes (in some cases with duplicated notes). There are a few ways to write a major 7th chord as a chord symbol. Played as an open chord on the guitar it includes the following notes (from 5th to 1st string): C, B, G, B and E. The B note is duplicated, but not because it is the most important note, but due to the circumstance of the instrument and how it is tuned. To identify the 7th chord note names, use the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th columns / scale degrees, which are notes G#, B, D, and F#. You can also think about the maj7 as to think of a major 7th as an octave minus a half step (1 semitone). In place of the a-d symbols above, figured bass symbols could be used to indicate chord positions after I: So in this key, I7 refers to the A major 7th chord in root position. For the 3rd interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between C# and E is 3 half-tones. The flatted 7th tone is just that. In these cases, the chord name and the "7" has a tringle amid them (which often is in superscript). 7th chords exist in eight different chord qualities, which are diminished, half-diminished, minor, minor-major , dominant, major, augmented, and augmented-major. This mediant 7th chords root / starting note is the 3rd note (or scale degree) of the A major scale. Instead, iii could be followed by the letter b to indicate that it is C# minor 7th chord in 1st inversion - A major scale chord iiib. Below you can see maj7 chords in open positions presented in pictures and by scrolling down further you could also see maj7 played as barre chords. The white keys are named using the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a pattern that repeats up the piano keyboard. The major seventh chord, sometimes also called a Delta chord, can be written as maj , M , , ⑦, etc. The roman numeral for number 4 is 'IV', and is used to indicate this is the 4th chord in the scale. For the 3rd interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between D and F# is 4 half-tones. Letter c could be used to indicate that it is C# minor 7th chord in 2nd inversion - A major scale chord iiic. The second 7th chord below will repeat this, but this time starting on the 2nd note, so its notes will be B, D, F# and A - ie. C major 7th chord. Let’s take a look at the C major scale harmonized with 7th chords first and then analyze: The table below shows the A major scale, ordered to show the 1st note as the first column in the table. Major 7th chords. The roman numeral for number 6 is 'vi', and is used to indicate this is the 6th chord in the scale. It is different from the symbol used for a major 7th which is maj7. So, if you place the barre finger on the first fret and uses the Emaj7-shape, that makes you play Fmaj7. The table below shows the A major scale, ordered to show the 3rd note as the first column in the table. You might see it written as whatever note is the tonic of the chord + M7, Ma7, Maj7, or Δ.