The leaf is wider and shorter than the American chestnut tree leaves. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges. Leaf is very thin and papery. Non-native: introduced Chinese Leaf (right): Leaf is oval-shaped. Discover thousands of New England plants. All rights reserved. American chestnut tree leaves are narrow, with toothed edges that have a slight arch. All Characteristics, the flowers grow out of the axil (point where a branch or leaf is attached to the main stem), the inflorescence is an ament (catkin; slender, usually pendulous inflorescence with crowded unisexual flowers), the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), there are no stipules on the plant, or they fall off as the leaf expands. The tree produces delicious and edible nuts called chestnuts or Chinese chestnuts. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Can you please help us? a sighting. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Castanea mollissima Show County documented: documented Chinese chestnut is an exotic species that is somewhat resistent to the chestnut blight that has destroyed New England's native chestnut, Castanea dentata. to exist in the county by Note: when native and non-native These trees have toothed leaves, and smooth gray bark. Chinese has fine hair on the lower surface and on the petiole. Chinese chestnut trees grow leaves with fine, fuzzy hairs on the lower surface. We depend on How to tell the Difference Between American and Chinese Chestnuts. All images and text © In Massachusetts, these are the American chestnut (Castanea dentata), the Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima), and the Japanese chestnut (Castanea crenata). Chinese chestnut has a pleasingly round crown and is often selected as a hardy street tree. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The Chinese chestnut tree grows alternating, oblong leaves that have sharp, pointed teeth around the edges. Chestnut and Chinkapin Leaves Chestnut Oak Leaves Top of leaves . Its flowers are pungent, and its nuts quite sweet. The leaves are glossy and dark green. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Copyright: various copyright holders. The Go Botany project is supported Chinese chestnut trees (Castanea mollissima) are medium tall trees with spreading branches. TACF National Office 50 North Merrimon Avenue, Suite 115, Asheville, NC 28804, Phone: 828-281-0047 Fax: 828-253-5373 chestnut@acf.org. Chinese Leaf (right): Leaf is oval-shaped smaller Base of leaf blade is rounded Leaf is thick and waxy-feeling . State documented: documented Blight of chestnut has virtually eliminated the American chestnut from the landscape, but Chinese chestnut is moderately resistant to the disease, not immune. 2020 Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Chinese chestnut has a pleasingly round crown and is often selected as a hardy street tree. The disease caused cankers on the branches then moved into the trunk killing the tree. American Leaf (left): Leaf is long in relation to its width Large, prominent teeth on edge; bristle at the end of each tooth curves inward Base of leaf blade tapers sharply Leaf is very thin and papery, Chinese Leaf (right): Leaf is oval-shaped Teeth are smaller Base of leaf blade is rounded Leaf is thick and waxy-feeling, American Leaf (left): Elongated leaf Large, prominent teeth on edge; bristle on teeth curves inward Blade tapers sharply to meet stem at base of leaf blade Light green underside on leaves exposed to the sun, Chinese Leaf (right): Oval-shaped leaf Small teeth on edge Base of leaf blade rounded Underside of sun leaves look whitish because of many hairs, Pointed buds that angle away from the stem Stems smooth and hairless Stem color reddish brown to dark green Small but numerous lenticels on stem, Rounded buds that hug the stem Hairy stems and hairy leaf veins Stem color tan to pea-green Large lenticels (bumps) on stem, Slender Angle sharply out from stem Usually fall off in June, Broad Cover the buds Remain on the stem through September, American Chestnut Burs: A dense mass of long, slender spines Spines are 2 to 3 cm long, 0.5 mm thick Up to 3 nuts per bur, Chinese Chestnut Burs: A sparse mass of short, thick spines Spines are 1 to 2 cm long, 1 mm thick Up to 3 nuts per bur, American Chestnuts: Nuts are relatively small, 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter Tips of American chestnuts are pointed Nuts are hairy over 1/3 to 2/3 of length from pointed end Vascular bundles in a sunburst pattern on hilum end 2 to 3 nuts in each bur, Chinese Chestnuts: Nuts are relatively large, 3/4 to 2 inches in diameter Tips of Chinese chestnuts are rounded Only the tips of the nuts are hairy Vascular bundles in a diffuse pattern on hilum end 2 to 3 nuts in each bur. For details, please check with your state. If your tree lookes like this, then it is probably a beech tree. American chestnut. ( Castanea dentata) Chinese chestnut. Look carefully at the leaves of a chestnut tree to discern whether it is American or Chinese. 2.  state. CT, MA, RI. is shown on the map. Learn how to identify American chestnuts and send us a sample to support our research. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). you. Teeth are smaller. Found this plant? Take a photo and Your help is appreciated. Blume Leaf is long in relation to its width. American has longer, more arching teeth. Chinese chestnut is resistant to chestnut blight which has almost wiped out the American chestnut. Chestnuts grow on the trees … Base of leaf blade is rounded. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Leaf is thick and waxy-feeling. Beech. Also covers Base of leaf blade tapers sharply. This non-native species produces spikes of creamy white flowers in … Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. in part by the National Science Foundation. (intentionally or Forest fragments and borders, roadsides, areas of habitation. populations both exist in a county, only native status When cultivated close to other species of chestnut (including Japanese chestnut, C. crenata; American chestnut, C. dentata; and sweet chestnut, C. sativa), Chinese chestnut readily cross-pollinates with them to form hybrids. Large, prominent teeth on edge; bristle at the end of each tooth curves inward. E. Chinese chestnut. To reuse an