What is the world’s largest inland sea? In the 18th century, a Greek national independence movement began to emerge, and the free status of the Ionian islands made them the natural base for exiled Greek intellectuals, freedom fighters and foreign sympathisers. These became important overseas colonies of the Republic and were used as way-stations for their maritime trade with the Levant. Kythira is not part of the region of the Ionian Islands, as it is included in the region of Attica. Nevertheless, the region remains the third by population density with 90.1/km² nationwide, well above the national of 81.96/km². The Ionian Sea coast, Catania, Sicily, Italy. After 400 years of peaceful Roman rule, the islands passed to the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. Most of them originate from Albania (13,536). They are traditionally called the Heptanese ("Seven Islands"; Ἑπτάνησα, Heptanēsa or Ἑπτάνησος, Heptanēsos; Italian: Eptaneso), but the group includes many smaller islands as well as the seven principal ones. Most of the islands fell to William II of Sicily in 1185. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [10], The region is a popular tourist destination. The seventh island, Kythira, is off the southern tip of the Peloponnese, the southern part of the Greek mainland. The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek, Katharevousa: Ἰόνιοι Νῆσοι, Ionioi Nēsoi) are a group of islands in Greece. The islands were a frequent target of Saracen raids and from the late 11th century, saw a number of Norman and Italian attacks. Fteri Beach. Some remained under the control of the Macedonian Kingdom until 146 BC, when the Greek peninsula was gradually annexed by Rome. From 1204, the Republic of Venice controlled Corfu and slowly all the Ionian islands fell under Venetian rule. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Ionian-Sea. In 1941, when Axis forces occupied Greece, the Ionian Islands (except Kythera) were handed over to the Italians. The novel and movie Captain Corelli's Mandolin are set in Kefallonia, in which Captain Corelli is part of the Italian occupation force during the Second World War. [2] Although they have the same Latin transliteration and Modern Greek pronunciation, the Ionian Sea and Islands are not related to Ionia, an Anatolian region; in Greek, the Ionian Sea and Ionian Islands are spelled with an omicron (Ιόνια), whereas Ionia has an omega (Ιωνία), reflecting a classical difference in pronunciation. Older or variant Greek forms are sometimes also used: Kefallinia for Kefallonia and Paxos or Paxoi for Paxi. On 21 May 1864 the Ionian Islands officially reunited with Greece. Administratively today they belong to the Ionian Islands Region except for Kythera, which belongs to the Attica Region. The GDP per capita for the same year was 18,440 euros per capita which was lower than the national median of 20,481. In 1797 Napoléon Bonaparte conquered Venice. The 1953 Ionian islands earthquake occurred with a surface wave magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme) on August 12, 1953. The main Ionian ports are Syracuse and Catania (Sicily), Taranto (Italy), Corfu (Ionian Islands), and Pátrai (Greece). Premium Membership is now 50% off! Attempts have been made to identify Ithaki with ancient Ithaca, but the geography of the real island cannot be made to fit Homer's description. Ionian Sea vacation isle -- Find potential answers to this crossword clue at crosswordnexus.com However, the GDP per capita of KeFalonia and Zante, 23,275 and 24,616 respectively, was much higher than the national figure. Corfu, Paxi and Kythera were taken by the Venetians in 1204, after the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire by the Fourth Crusade. Since you are already here then chances are that you are looking for the Daily Themed Crossword Solutions.