First try working on these three notes, and then add them into the rest of the scale. For the first progression, moving from G major to D major would look like the following diagram: Play through the examples below, paying attention to the relation of the chords to each other. For information about our privacy practices, please see our privacy policy. *In music, Roman numerals are used to notate chords by scale degree. Essentially, once you’ve played the first seven notes in the scale, you’re going to repeat those notes in a higher octave. chord progressions , intermediate , major scale , triads. The guitar is a meditative tool to touch God and find love within yourself. The first note you’ll play is the lowest note of the scale, the G root note. It contains a repeating pattern of seven notes at specified intervals of whole and half steps. Receive The Book of Scales when you sign-up for lesson & site updates. If someone asked you to play a 1, 4, 5 in the key of C would you be able to? As an Amazon Associate and Guitar Tricks affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases.This helps cover costs of maintaining this website. This is particularly useful when writing chord progressions, transposing to another key, playing with other musicians, and easily identifying the chords of a key on the fly. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. To build the chords of the major scale, you build triads from each scale degree. The second note is on the fifth fret, and you’ll play this with your fourth finger. The A Major consists of seven notes. Below we build triads on each degree the G major scale to form the chords in the key of G major. The major scale has seven notes, but looking at the scale diagram, you’re probably wondering why there are more than seven notes in this scale shape. Taking the chord progressions from above, let’s transpose them to different keys. 1st Degree – G The scale can be played on the guitar from different starting positions in which A functions as the root tone. First finger on the second fret, second finger on the third fret, and fourth finger on the fifth fret. We’ll finish the scale with the last string. Play this note with your second finger on the low E string on the third fret. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. For example, if I move up two frets, it becomes an A major scale using the same shape as the G major. This technique means that you will have one finger designated to each fret. As stated above, the quality of the triad formed by each scale degree determines the quality of the chord. Those are the three notes on the A string. One other very important aspect of this exercise is ear training. Once you’re comfortable, you can start to emphasize the root notes of the Major Guitar Scales by starting, ending, or even pausing on the root notes when playing. Now that you’ve seen the entire Guitar Major Scale, work on memorizing the scale shape and getting comfortable with the notes. After you’ve got the scale shape and root notes down, you can start to improvise and make up your your own melodies and solos using the G Guitar Major Scale. Scale typ: Major Formula in degree of C Major scale: 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 Interval Formula: W W h W W W h Example C Major scale: C D E F G A B A perfect 5th is 7 semitones from the first note, while an augmented 5th is 8 semitones and diminished is 6 semitones. E Flat Major Scale Notes: Eb F G Ab Bb C D D Sharp Major Scale Notes: D# E# F## G# A# B# C## Eb Key Signature: Three Flats D# Key Signature: D Sharp is rarely used due to … **You see the 7th chord referred to as diminished and/or minor flat 5. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. The G string is easy because the pattern is the same as the D string you just learned. vii … The strumming pattern you use for the rhythm isn’t important. Do you know the quality of the 6 chord in a major scale? C D E F G A B + C (=octave) To build the first chord “C” of the major scale we stack thirds on top of each other. Moving on to the fifth string, the B string only has two notes. Now we’ll move to the second string, where your first finger will be on the second fret, then second finger on the third fret, and your fourth finger on the fifth fret. Noticing similarities and patterns like this in scales will make memorizing the scales easier for you as you learn. This will help make the association between location and quality of the chord. Before we get into building chords from the major scale, let’s start with the building blocks of chords, the triad. If you’re not familiar with the notes on the fretboard, I recommend you read Learning the Notes on the Guitar Fretboard. If we map out the chords of the major scale to the fretboard, there are a couple of patterns that emerge that make it easier to visualize and pick-up chord progressions. Over time as you develop your ear you’ll be able to identify chord progressions by hearing them only and, likewise, know how a chord progression will sound before you ever play it. After trying out the first two strings of this scale, you’re already seeing how the designated finger concept kicks in. Moving to the next octave, let’s look at the notes on the fourth string. You can play them in the keys outlined here, but also feel free to transpose them to other keys as well. Using each degree of the major scale, you can create chord progressions in any given key. Let’s see them: 1. Second finger on the third fret and fourth finger on the fifth fret. I IV V). Numbers are often used to designate the degree of the scale in the repeating pattern. A Major Scale Notes: A B C# D E F# G# Key Signature: Three Sharps Scale Formula: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Scale Intervals: W W H W W W H Copyright © 2020 - appliedguitartheory.com - All rights reserved.Privacy & Terms of Use | Sitemap | Contact. Below we build triads on each degree the G major scale to form the chords in the key of G major. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. This also means the major scale will be compatible with major 7th chords (1 3 5 7), which you'll learn about in the chords section. Inside the circle you’ll see a the number, which represents which finger you should play the note with. Listen closely as you move from chord to chord and notice how the chords sound in succession. This is often referred to as "scale harmonization". We’ve got the first finger on the second fret, third finger on the fourth fret, and fourth finger on the fifth fret. To do this, you only need to shift the patterns to the root note specified by the major key. If not, read on. Capital numerals are used to denote major while lowercase is used to denote minor. The dots that are filled in are the root notes for the Major Guitar Scale you’re playing. The quality of the triad built from each degree of a scale determines the quality of the chord at that scale degree. Take a look at the video for an example. In this lesson you learned about building chords using the major scale. From D to F# is a major 3rd (4 semitones), From F# to A is a minor 3rd (3 semitones), Major – a triad with a major 3rd and perfect 5th, Minor – a triad with a flattened 3rd (minor 3rd) and perfect 5th, Augmented – a major triad with a raised 5th, Diminished – a minor triad with a flattened 5th, Lesson workbook to help solidify your understanding of major scale theory, 16-page practice guide with exercises to help you fluently play the major scale all over the neck, develop licks using the major scale, and apply the major scale to chord progressions, Audio examples for each exercise and backing chord progressions to help you apply the major scale musically, Formatted PDF version of the Major Scale lesson. The circles that are not filled in are simply the rest of the notes in the scale. For instance, if we consider the G major scale (G-A-B-C-D-E-F#), the triad built from the first degree of the scale (counting from G) would be G-B-D. To further explain the above, major 3rds are formed when the interval between 3rds is 4 semitones (2 whole steps). Rather than referring to chord progressions by name (G – C – D), you may hear them referred to by degree (ie. Playing by number easily allows you to transpose chord progressions to any key. The degrees are given in numbers or roman numerals (as shown). However, the major scale won't work over dominant 7th chords , because they contain a flat 7th (1 3 5 b7 ) which would clash with the major 7th. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 from the first note to the next octave. The Major Scale Lesson Pack will help you learn and apply the major to the guitar fretboard.