It's a really good one. Michael.Lubetsky. Is there any rules or guidelines when to use which one? Machen oder Tun – Unterschied und Erklärung. he worked there for years and will work there in the future). it is one of these nuance things that are so hard for non-native speakers. g*** 2006-03-06 14:32:32 UTC. Can we have electric current in the vacuum, Ich mache mir gerade etwas zu essen. I’ve already said in an earlier post that German is … PLEASE don't use "tun" as auxiliary. Tun - Subjunctive I - Konjunktiv I The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. machen meant "to knead" (in German: "kneten") originally, "tun" meant "put", "place" and "lay". February 3, 2018. It's 100% free, no registration required. Du darfst mir nicht sagen, was ich tun soll. "Ich mache einem Freund ein Geschenk" is correct, but "Ich tue einem Freund ein Geschenk" is not. Many thanks. You machst it. What's the difference between “queren” and “überqueren”, Difference between “häufig”, “gewöhnlich” and “üblich”. Both of machen and tun can mean " to do " in English, but they are also used in many idiomatic German expressions that are best learned as vocabulary. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Tun vs machen. ), Was machst Du beruflich? The fixed expressions mentioned in the answers below were exempt. I don't think, that there is any difference, when used in a question. How to prevent accidentally dragging vertex on selection? It is interesting to take a look at a few members of their word families: There's one "rule" that I can give you at hand: whenever you are talking about (not) creating something, you can only use "make": But most of the time you will simply wonder which of the two verbs to use. I have witnessed foreigners adopting it: Ich täte lesen Was tust du da mit dem Hammer?What are you doing there with the hammer? The same is true with pronouns that represent such nouns: Wer macht die Wäsche? What is the cost of health care in the US? Er tut bei Daimler arbeiten (he works for Daimler, ie. ), Du machst mir Angst! There are other uses for "machen" as a transitive verb, though - for example "Ich mache eine Vase" means "Ich produziere eine Vase". You machst it. If you searched tun where most of the time machen is used, you will find that Google gives results for machen—the more commonly used word. At some very colloquial level I would say, but some how feeling it isn't good style, I changed it while writing the answer to. To what extent is grease interchangeable? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. (To do something to someone. They both mean "to do", right? Personally, I think that this is superior to "würde": it sounds nicer and "würde" would have been left free to be used for Konjunktiv Futur/Konjunktiv Futurperfekt, adding two new forms of Konjunktiv. Why I can't download packages from Sitecore? Choosing THHN colors when running 2 circuits together. Even there are some german Dialekts where you can use tun that way. Were English poets of the sixteenth century aware of the Great Vowel Shift? (I'm making myself something to eat. So if I'm correct, both tun and machen can be used for the word 'do'. Da ist nichts zu machenNothing can be done (about it). Du tust lesen Wir täten lesen Of the two, machen is more frequently used, so it is best to simply learn expressions that use tun and avoid using that verb if you aren't sure about it. Only in rare cases, the translation of English "to do" will demand usage of one rather than the other. NOTE: We're talking tendency here, i.e. Drei und vier macht sieben.Three and four equals seven. Permalink. Ihr tatet lesen in German, which verb do you use? The verb tun is also used in colloquial German for "put": Even Germans have difficulty explaining the difference between these two words. Der Unterschied ist klein, aber wichtig: „machen“ wird sehr oft benutzt, „tun… What Are the Various Meanings of the German Verb 'Ausmachen'? I might add: "Verb" is a latin word. This thread is archived. What's the difference between “sonstige” and “andere”? Agreed, that in a lot of cases tun instead of machen does not work. You can exchange them in many sentences with each other, but they don't always mean the same. German Language Stack Exchange is a bilingual question and answer site for speakers of all levels who want to share and increase their knowledge of the German language. Was machen Sie von Beruf?What do you do for a living? Regístrate para recibir para lecciones de Alemán gratis enviadas por correo electrónico. The brothers Grimm meant that tun had a wider meaning than machen. button. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. In this context "tun" can be used neither, because "machen" is still used transitively. (What do you do for a living? It wasn't yet mentioned that there are cases in which "machen" can be used, but "tun" cannot. The usage of both words have historical-linguistics reasons. save. "maker" in English) or changes it somehow (usually physical, but also in a figurative sense): "Tun" either tends to focus much more on the action itself rather that its effect, or is a kind of execution of an intention, order etc. I'm not sure whether all examples I can think up are in some way colloquial. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, German Reading Lesson - Im Kaufhaus - Department Store. Ihr tätet lesen It really is very, very bad style! Du tätest lesen Yes, @gigili. refers more to a direct action or reaction or on the next step. Machen basically means “to make,” and is very often used just like in English, but it also means “to … ein Geschenk machen or jmd. You dont "tu deine Hausaufgaben". Michael Schmitz is the author of How to Learn German Faster and the creator of smarterGerman, an online language learning program. Therefore in the following, you'll find a few useful examples for each verb. Decipher name of Reverend on Burial entry. machen is usually followed by a substantive, while tun is followed by a verb. You could help us for future enquiries by reporting the result here. "To develop in a positive way" Dein Sohn hat sich echt gemacht. If you want to ask someone, "what are you doing here?" The verbs tun (to do) and machen (to make) are very similar. You only make work for me. Usage notes []. Wir taten lesen – Ich mache sie. Could someone please explain, if any, the difference between the two? requires a fundamental decision, an "either - or". Helmut Richter. When I grew up (70s/80s) the use of the word "tun" was strongly discouraged and seen as bad style. And the indefinite-in-time-vs-direct-action theory is wrong. Machen vs. Tun David Dixon und David Harrop Phrasen zu Kennen Machen "To cause something" Du machst mir nur Arbeit. Depending on how it is used, the verb machen can mean: do, equal, give, last, make, matter, take and several other things in English. The verb tun in the sense of “to perform” is not used in combination with nouns. Dec 3, 2012 - There are many word pairs in German that are quite confusing when one comes from English into German. FunnyToes. machen will be associated with a specific, often small (manual) activity. So you "machst deine Hausaufgaben" oder "du machst Musik." Was machst/ tust du gerade ?